KARAKTERISTIK KUALITAS AIR DAN KEBERADAAN BAKTERI Vibrio sp. PADA WILAYAH TAMBAK UDANG TRADISIONAL DI PESISIR WUNDULAKO DAN POMALAA KOLAKA

Arman Pariakan, Mr. Rahim
  JFMR, pp. 547-556  

Abstract


Penurunan produksi tambak udang vaname telah merugikan para pembudidaya di Kecamatan Wundulako dan Pomalaa, serangan bakteri Vibrio sp. menjadi penyebab utama kejadian tersebut. Keberadaan bakteri Vibrio sp. sangat dipengaruhi oleh karakteristik salinitas, amoniak dan suhu air. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu menganalisis hubungan antara kualitas air (salinitas, suhu, dan amonia) dengan Vibrio sp.  Penelitian ini menggunakan 40 data bakteri Vibrio sp. dan data  air yang diambil di wilayah tambak udang vaname pada bulan Juni dan Juli, untuk melihat hubungan antar parameter tersebut digunakan analisis statistik non-parametrik Model aditif yang digeneralisasi, sedangkan untuk melihat sebaran Vibrio sp. menggunakan analisis interpolasi Inverse Distance Weighted. Hasil Dari analisis diperoleh nilai hubungan antara kualitas air dengan keberadaan bakteri yang berbeda, yaitu salinitas 0,0302; suhu air 0,2602; dan 0,4759 amonia. Salinitas antara 20 - >30 ppt mempengaruhi keberadaan bakteri, dan semakin kuat pada salinitas >28 ppt. sedangkan suhu air berpengaruh terhadap keberadaan bakteri pada semua tingkatan. Konsentrasi amonia antara 1 – 1,5 mempengaruhi keberadaan bakteri. Ditemukan bahwa konsentrasi amonia lebih rendah pada salinitas tinggi dan sebaliknya. Sedangkan suhu air tidak menunjukkan pola pengaruh terhadap salinitas dan amonia air. Sebaran kondisi lingkungan perairan terhadap keberadaan Vibrio sp., menunjukkan variasi di setiap lokasi pada bulan Juni dan Juli dengan keberadaan Vibrio sp. Untuk menjaga salinitas tambak, penting untuk memperhatikan input air tawar dalam budidaya udang. Tingginya kandungan amonia di area tambak tradisional dapat mempengaruhi pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup udang vaname yang dipelihara, oleh karena itu penting untuk menggunakan sistem resirkulasi pada budidaya udang vaname ditambah penggunaan bakteri nitrifikasi.


Keywords


Bakteri Vibrio sp, Generalized additive models, kualitas Air

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